S. Amir Kohan


Andragogy is the study of how adults learn, and it is based on five assumptions about learning
in adults versus children.

As people mature, they shift to the following:
Self-concept Their concept of self moves toward self-directed and self-sufficiency.
Experience They accumulate more experience that they tuck away and can
access in learning situations.
Readiness to learn They adjust to a readiness state of learning because of
developmental requirements for their stage of life and social roles (e.g., parent,
Orientation to learning They shift from subject-focused to problem-focused
learning that has immediate applicability.
Motivation to learn Motivation for learning comes from an internal source
within rather than external.


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